Note: This appendix will not be codified in the Code of Federal Regulations.
This appendix contains a description of health risks associated with substances covered by the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 811), and is taken from a Department of Justice publication entitled Drugs of Abuse (1989 Edition). The appendix also includes a summary of health risks associated with alcohol, as described in What Works: Schools Without Drugs (1989 Edition), a Department of Education publication.
Persons interested in acquiring the publications or in obtaining subsequent editions in the future should contact the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, DC 20402, for Drugs of Abuse; and Schools Without Drugs, Pueblo, CO 81009, for What Works: Schools Without Drugs.
The Department of Education is providing this information as an example of the minimum level of information that IHEs may provide to their students and employees in order to comply with the requirement in Sec. 86.100(a)(3) of these regulations relating to the distribution of the health risks associated with the use of illicit drugs and the abuse of alcohol. The Secretary considers this information as meeting the requirements of the regulations, but IHEs are not precluded from distributing additional or more detailed information. If an IHE distributes this information in future years, it should use the most current editions of Drugs of Abuse and Schools Without Drugs that are available.
[[This file contains the chart "Controlled Substances - Uses and Effects" on pages 1-14 and 1-15 in Portable Document Format (PDF). It can be viewed with version 3.0 or greater of the free Adobe Acrobat Reader software.]]
Alcohol consumption causes a number of marked changes in behavior. Even low doses significantly impair the judgement and coordination required to drive a car safely, increasing the likelihood that the driver will be involved in an accident. Low to moderate doses of alcohol also increase the incidence of a variety of aggressive acts, including spouse and child abuse. Moderate to high doses of alcohol cause marked impairments in higher mental functions, severely altering a person's ability to learn and remember information. Very high doses cause respiratory depression and death. If combined with other depressants of the central nervous system, much lower doses of alcohol will produce the effects just described.
Repeated use of alcohol can lead to dependence. Sudden cessation of alcohol intake is likely to produce withdrawal symptoms, including severe anxiety, tremors, hallucinations, and convulsions. Alcohol withdrawal can be life-threatening. Long-term consumption of large quantities of alcohol, particularly when combined with poor nutrition, can also lead to permanent damage to vital organs such as the brain and the liver.
Mothers who drink alcohol during pregnancy may give birth to infants with fetal alcohol syndrome. These infants have irreversible physical abnormalities and mental retardation. In addition, research indicates that children of alcoholic parents are at greater risk than other youngsters of becoming alcoholics.